Passover, also known as Pesach, is a major Jewish festival that begins on the 15th day of Nisa, which is the first month in the ecclesiastical year of the Hebrew calendar. The festival lasts for seven or eight days and usually falls in April of the Gregorian calendar…the moon will also be rising, and at about 0745 GMT time (universal time) the moon will become red in one of four blood moon lunar eclipses…
The Passover became a Jewish festival when God sent Moses into Egypt to tell Pharaoh to let God’s people go…and Pharaoh would not set them free…
God had Moses warn Pharaoh that there would be plagues that would come upon the Egyptians if Pharaoh did not set them free…Egypt had ten gods they worshipped, and the tem plagues went against their gods…it was, in essence, a battle between the real God, Israel’s God, and the Egyptians false gods…
The first plague was that the water turned to blood…Exodus 7:19 And the LORD spake unto Moses, Say unto Aaron, Take thy rod, and stretch out thine hand upon the waters of Egypt, upon their streams, upon their rivers, and upon their ponds, and upon all their pools of water, that they may become blood; and that there may be blood throughout all the land of Egypt, both in vessels of wood, and in vessels of stone. This went against the Egyptian goddess Anuket, the goddess of rivers. With the water turning to blood, it made Anuket look like she could not do her job making water flow into Egypt.
The second was frogs…Exodus 8:2-4 8:2 And if thou refuse to let them go, behold, I will smite all thy borders with frogs: 8:3 And the river shall bring forth frogs abundantly, which shall go up and come into thine house, and into thy bedchamber, and upon thy bed, and into the house of thy servants, and upon thy people, and into thine ovens, and into thy kneading troughs:
8:4 And the frogs shall come up both on thee, and upon thy people, and upon all thy servants. This went against the goddess Heqet (also Heqat, Hekit, Heket etc., more rarely Hegit, Heget etc.) After the first plague, the frogs don’t do well swimming and living in blood, so they vacated the rivers and ponds and went on land…the true God multiplied the frogs as well so they were in every inch of Egyptian land…then the frogs were a nuisance, so Pharaoh told Moses to pray to his God and get rid of them…Moses did and the frogs died…which makes Heqet look bad because she was the goddess of fertility.
The third plague was lice…Exodus 8:16 And the LORD said unto Moses, Say unto Aaron, Stretch out thy rod, and smite the dust of the land, that it may become lice throughout all the land of Egypt. The magicians tried to get rid of the lice, but couldn’t, thus their god Thoth, the god of magic, was put to shame
Fourth was flies…in Exodus 8:21, we read 8:21 Else, if thou wilt not let my people go, behold, I will send swarms of flies upon thee, and upon thy servants, and upon thy people, and into thy houses: and the houses of the Egyptians shall be full of swarms of flies, and also the ground whereon they are. Flies lay eggs in dead carcasses, and with all the dead frogs, there were plenty of flies. This goes against the god Ptah…the god of creation because he can’t seem to stop the “creating” of the flies,
In Exodus 9:3 9:3 Behold, the hand of the LORD is upon thy cattle which is in the field, upon the horses, upon the asses, upon the camels, upon the oxen, and upon the sheep: there shall be a very grievous murrain…we see plague five…livestock disease. This throws the goddess Hathor in a bind, even though she is a goddess of fertility and the goddess of the cows (among other things)…she is the goddess that bears bull’s horns.
Next we read in Exodus 9:8-9 9:8 And the LORD said unto Moses and unto Aaron, Take to you handfuls of ashes of the furnace, and let Moses sprinkle it toward the heaven in the sight of Pharaoh.
9:9 And it shall become small dust in all the land of Egypt, and shall be a boil breaking forth with blains upon man, and upon beast, throughout all the land of Egypt…boils. This takes the Egyptian goddess Sekhmet out of the game because boils more than likely came from the flies that carry disease and sickness…Sekhmet could not heal the ailing Egyptians that worshipped her.
The next plague we read in Exodus is hail… 9:18 Behold, to morrow about this time I will cause it to rain a very grievous hail, such as hath not been in Egypt since the foundation thereof even until now. Hail can take out crops, and the Egyptians had crops growing. The Egyptian god of dry air was named Shu…and because of the hail, Shu had to shoo out of Egypt to be safe…so another Egyptian deity lost his battle with the true Hebrew God
Plague number 8 was locust as we see in Exodus 10:4-5 10:4 Else, if thou refuse to let my people go, behold, to morrow will I bring the locusts into thy coast:
10:5 And they shall cover the face of the earth, that one cannot be able to see the earth: and they shall eat the residue of that which is escaped, which remaineth unto you from the hail, and shall eat every tree which groweth for you out of the field. The god Amen was in charge of agriculture in Egypt, and with the locust eating all what was left of the crops after the hail, failed his job…he was also a god of air, so he received two strikes on a single blow
In Exodus 10:21-22, we see the ninth plague is darkness… 10:21 And the LORD said unto Moses, Stretch out thine hand toward heaven, that there may be darkness over the land of Egypt, even darkness which may be felt.
10:22 And Moses stretched forth his hand toward heaven; and there was a thick darkness in all the land of Egypt three days. The most powerful Egyptian deity was Ra, the sun god…but with three days of total darkness, guess Ra had to go sit in the shade for a few days.
The final plague, as we see in Exodus 11:4-5, is death of the firstborn… 11:4 And Moses said, Thus saith the LORD, About midnight will I go out into the midst of Egypt:
11:5 And all the firstborn in the land of Egypt shall die, from the first born of Pharaoh that sitteth upon his throne, even unto the firstborn of the maidservant that is behind the mill; and all the firstborn of beasts. This was the final blow to the Pharaoh…because his firstborn, was the heir to the throne, and now he was dead. Ra (Re or Phra) not only was the supreme, ultimate, most powerful god in ancient Egyptian times, but was the god of agriculture, prosperity, rituals, magic, the sun, spells, destiny and truth…however; he not only failed in the death of Pharaoh’s son, but also in the agriculture, and the fly problem in plague four…so the most powerful Egyptian god failed three times.
I bring this all up because, in the tenth plague, the Israelites were told to do a few things to prevent their firstborn from being killed…this is what is called Pesach, or the Passover. This is a celebrated “holiday” for all Jews. It also shows how the true God is more powerful then the false gods. We will see this happen again within the next four blood moons, as Psalms 83 prophecy comes to another Arab/Israel war…in which the Hebrew God, Hashem/Yahweh will take out the advancing army.
These plagues only happened to the Egyptians…the only one that could have affected the Hebrews was the last one…because the Hebrew God was going to allow He was going to test the obedience of the Hebrews in this plague. He spared them the first nine, and wanted to see if they would obey or expect Him to spare them again.
History of the Passover
The Haggadah, which is read and sung throughout the festival, tells the dramatic tale of the Hebrew enslavement by pharaoh and how the Chutzpah of Moses asked the Egyptian ruler to let his people go. The story also tells of how the Ten Plagues inundated Egypt when Pharaoh initially refused and, talks about the final last-minute escape of the Israelites through the miraculously parted Red Sea.
So fast was the dramatic redemption from hundreds of years of collective bondage and slavery that the Hebrews had no time to allow bread to rise. So they baked unleavened bread for their journey. Thus, to the disappointment of many Jews, the week-long festival is observed in part, by eating unleavened bread, aka Matzo.
Interesting Facts and Symbols
• Many aspects of Passover are supposed to have a symbolic meaning. The cleaning process to remove Chametz represents the removal of egotism and evil deeds, the Matzo represents the haste in which the Israelites left Egypt, while the red wine or grape juice represents blood of sacrifice
• Among other symbols, is the special kitchen utensils (also called Matzoh) that families use only during the Passover festival time.
• The Seder Plate, used in the special Passover meals, consists of three matzoh (kitchen utensils) piled on top of each other on a plate or clean cloth which are again covered with another plate or cloth. Different symbolic foods are placed on top, such as Zeroa (a roasted shank bone or chicken neck) and Beitzah (a hard-boiled egg) among others.
• Each of the foods on the plate is supposed to represent a different aspect of the Passover story and is eaten in a particular order and combinations during the ceremonial meals.
• Passover is related to the Christian observances of Good Friday and Easter Sunday and the Islamic Day of Ashura.
(H/T to International Business Times for the History and Symbols ditty)
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